Friday, September 13th, 2019

The Definition of Marketing


Peter Drucker, a renowned business theorist, loved a certain quotation from Czech writer Milan Kundera: “Business has only two functions – marketing and innovation.”

Innovation means creating something new, either a new product or service. Sometimes, that “new” product or service simply improves a product or service that already exists (example: a new courier service that provides different or better services than the competition). As a company, Apple has succeeded not by creating completely new ideas that never existed before, but in taking old ideas and innovating ways to make them cooler, more accessible, and more attractive than the competition. Portable music players existed long before the iPod came out, but Apple designed a product that was so much better, cooler, and sexier than anything before it that it changed the world. That’s innovation.

But what is marketing? Many people think that marketing is simply creating advertisements and running promotions. Let’s take a look at how the American Marketing Association defines marketing:

“Marketing is the activity, set of institutions, and processes for creating, communicating, delivering, and exchanging offerings that have value for customers, clients, partners, and society at large.”

That doesn’t help much, does it? Let’s see if we can translate this definition a bit. Let’s use something else Peter Drucker said to give us some hints:

“The aim of marketing is to make selling superfluous. The aim of marketing is to know and understand the customer so well that the product or service fits him and sells itself. Ideally, marketing should result in a customer who is ready to buy.”

That makes a lot more sense than the first definition. So does that mean that marketing is actually a process of understanding who your customers are and shaping your product or service to exactly match what they want? Yes, that’s a big part of it. But wait, doesn’t that mean that marketing isn’t so much about putting up advertisements as it is about gaining insight into the people who you were trying to reach with those advertisements? We’re getting somewhere now.

Marketing is an ongoing process. That process begins with learning more about your market and understanding the needs of your customers, continues with the innovation of ideas that will create value for your customers and communicating them, and concludes with the implementation of those ideas into action and solving those problems for your clients. Then the process starts over.

So, to bring it home, how can we use this understanding when we are thinking about starting a courier service? Well, grab a pencil and let’s jot down the answers to some questions:

1) Who is your target market?
2) Why are they your target market?
3) How can you find out what are their biggest problems on a day-to-day basis?
4) How can your services address their biggest problems?
5) What is your plan for communicating #4 to your potential clients?

By answering these questions, you have taken the first steps in formulating a marketing plan. And that’s where we’ll pick up next time.

  • Sam, thanks for clarifying the American Marketing Association’s definition of marketing. It really helps knowing what marketing is if you want to make it your livelihood. I believe that understanding what marketing is is the start of becoming an effective marketer. Great information.

  • Anthony Yackel

    Hello All!,
    Wanted to a drop a quick line to everyone on Courierpros, I started my courier business in May of this year. Lots of hard work, stress and persistence was needed to get my business running. Courierpros took a substantial portion of the said worries out of it all. It keeps it simple and helps you through the process of transitioning from being an employee of another company, to becoming a successful business owner.
    It blew me away when I reached out for help, Sam called me personally to help with some questions and concerns I had. WOW!
    It is certainly not the easiest thing I have ever tried and done, however its not the hardest either, that being said, I couldn’t have done it without Courierpros help. At the end of the day all my hard work is paid off to me, ‘NOT” someone else. The type of fulfillment that brings to my life is profound.

    Anthony Yackel
    A Sure Delivery LLC

    • Anthony,

      Congratulations on getting over the initial hump and getting your business up and running!

      Most of the hardest tasks are at the very, very beginning. Many of them have to do with the courage it takes to try something new and take that leap of faith.

      Once you’re set up, it’s much, much easier to keep that ball rolling.

      So glad that we were able to help you on your journey and look forward to hearing more as you build your business!

      All the best,